In the political science subproject of BioDivKultur, the options for action and possibilities for regulation in the design and maintenance of green spaces are examined. The focus here rests on the process of politicization of biodiversity issues and their potential consolidation in institutional arrangements at the municipal level. Raising awareness of the essential importance of biodiversity is of particular relevance, especially in urban green spaces.
In recent decades, political science has increasingly addressed local, national, and global environmental problems, possible solutions, and the interactions of environmental degradation and other policy fields. While in the 1970s and 1980s the focus was increasingly on specific issues such as water pollution or forest dieback, this perspective broadened in the 1990s to include threats to entire ecosystems and issues surrounding biodiversity policy. Here, various trends manifested themselves, such as the use of economic instruments to protect biodiversity, the strengthening of the legal position of non-human living beings, and the debates surrounding the so-called ecocide, which describes the targeted destruction of nature to eliminate military shelters. Despite the important insights gained since then, the relevance of urban areas for the conservation of biodiversity has so far received little political attention compared to farmland or forests.
In the political science subproject of BioDivKultur, an attempt is therefore made to contribute to closing this gap. On the one hand, we ask who, how and why the topics of biodiversity, green spaces and, increasingly, mowing are being politicized, and on the other hand, whether and how these topics are subsequently introduced into the political system and what effects they have there. Of particular interest here is why which actors assert themselves with which understanding and which strategies in the political process, and how successful initiatives can be institutionally secured over time as well as spatially expanded or successfully diffused. For this pur-pose, semi-structural interviews as well as comparative case studies will be conducted.
The aim of this project is to make a concrete contribution to fields of action, action options and instruments for the field of biodiversity in municipalities and urban green spaces. On the one hand, this is intended to identify new opportunities for civil society actors as well as administrations and, on the other hand, to identify and evaluate effective and legitimate intervention options.
You can also obtain further information and news via our homepage: https://biodivkultur.de/
- Prof. Dr. Markus Lederer
- Florian Zenglein, M.A.
- Dorothea Schoppek
Cooperation partners: BMBF
Duration: 01.12.2021 – 31.10.2024